Global campaign around the world allergy Organization (WAO), World Allergy Week, will be held from June 5th to June 11th, Allergic disease Our community and this year’s theme is bronchi asthma And respiratory allergic diseases. According to reports, 2% of adults and 6% of children in India suffer from asthma, and the disease can be affected by a variety of factors including genetics, environment, diet and infectious diseases.
Besides all these factors, allergen sensitization plays an important role in the onset, severity, and treatment of the disease. Studies have shown that exposure to animal skins, mites, pollen, fungi, or allergens such as cockroaches is a major risk factor. illness. In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Vivek Choudhari, MBB SMS-ENT at Karnika Ear, Nose, Throat and Dental Hospital in Chakan, Pune, and medical adviser to Entod Pharmaceuticals, said: When allergens and allergens enter the body, the immune system detects them as threats and initiates an overreaction. “
“As a result, the muscles surrounding the airways are tightened, inflamed, and affect normal breathing. Patients often have multiple allergies, improving cleaning, education, and reducing exposure to allergens. It has the potential to succeed. “
Common allergens leading to allergic asthma
Allergens can be found everywhere, including in outdoor and indoor environments. It is important to be aware of common allergens that can cause illness, as these allergens can quickly cause asthma symptoms. Dr. Vivek Choudhari has listed allergens you need to know.
1. House dust mites- Microscopic size house dust mites are usually found in products such as pillows, mattresses, bedding and stuffed animals. Humidity and warmth are the main factors affecting their growth, and they usually eat skin scallops and fungi. Studies show that exposure to ticks in childhood can be seen as an important determinant of the development of asthma.
2. Pets- Dogs and cats, which are widely kept as pets around the world, can be an important source of allergens in the home. Allergens are primarily found in hair, saliva and dander and can easily spread in the air. These allergens can attach to clothing and spread further to different locations.
3. Cockroach- Cockroach allergens are a major problem in urban homes and are a notable reason behind asthma morbidity. Asthma can be caused by cockroach feces, body parts and saliva.
4. Pollen- Pollen not only causes asthma symptoms, but can be exacerbated in sensitized people. The job of pollen is to carry the male gametes and transfer them to the female reproductive organs of the flowers by insect dispersal and wind.
Symptoms of allergic asthma
Like all types of asthma, allergic asthma can cause the same symptoms, but the only difference is in the trigger. According to Dr. Vivek Choudhari, the symptoms of allergic asthma include:
3. Rapid breathing
4. Shortness of breath
5. Chest tightness
People with asthma who also have skin allergies and hay fever may also experience the following symptoms:
2. Itchy skin
3. Itchy eyes
4. Runny nose
6. Watery eyes
Tips for reducing or eliminating allergens
“Avoiding allergens is one of the best ways to reduce exposure of asthmatics to substances that can cause allergies,” said Dr. Vivek Choudhari. He revealed some useful tips for the same:
1. Avoid dust mites- Dust mites are microorganisms that live on carpets, mattresses and fabrics. It is important to wrap the mattress and pillows in an allergen protection cover to prevent mites. It is also important to make sure that the bedding accessories and sheets are washed with hot water every week. Dust areas, such as upholstered furniture and heavy curtains, should be properly cleaned weekly.
2. Bathrooms and kitchens should be kept clean and dry- Bathrooms and kitchen areas should be kept clean to prevent the growth of mold and cockroach, and pest control companies should be contacted if necessary.
3. Stay indoors while the pollen count is high- If you have a lot of pollen, it is recommended that you always stay indoors and use an air conditioner with a thoroughly cleaned air filter.
4. You need to check the humidity in the room- If the moisture content in your house exceeds 40%, it is always advisable to use an air conditioner or dehumidifier. As a result, the air inside is kept dry and prevents the growth of house dust mites, molds and cockroaches.
5. Restrict pets from entering the bedroom- Keep your pet away from your bedroom and provide a safe and clean space outside your home.
Asthma treatments are not yet available, but there are many medicines and treatments that can improve the patient’s overall quality of life. You should also avoid areas and substances that can cause a reaction.